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Gale Sayers

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Gale Sayers
refer to caption
Sayers playing for the Bears
No. 40
Return specialist
Personal information
Born:(1943-05-30)May 30, 1943
Wichita, Kansas, U.S.
Died:September 23, 2020(2020-09-23) (aged 77)
Wakarusa, Indiana, U.S.
Height:6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)
Weight:198 lb (90 kg)
Career information
High school:Central
(Omaha, Nebraska)
College:Kansas (1962–1964)
NFL draft:1965 / Round: 1 / Pick: 4
AFL draft:1965 / Round: 1 / Pick: 5
Career history
As a player:
As an administrator:
Career highlights and awards
NFL records
  • Most touchdowns in a rookie season: 22
  • Highest combined yards per game average, career: 138.75
  • Most all-purpose touchdowns in a single game: 6 (tied)[a]
Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards:4,956
Rushing average:5.0
Rushing touchdowns:39
Receiving yards:1,307
Receiving touchdowns:9
Return yards:3,172
Return touchdowns:8
Player stats at PFR

Gale Eugene Sayers (May 30, 1943 – September 23, 2020) was an American professional football halfback and return specialist in the National Football League (NFL). In a relatively brief but highly productive NFL career, Sayers spent seven seasons with the Chicago Bears from 1965 to 1971, though multiple injuries effectively limited him to five seasons of play. He was known for his elusiveness and agility and was regarded by his peers as one of the most difficult players to tackle.

Nicknamed "the Kansas Comet", Sayers played college football for the Kansas Jayhawks football team of the University of Kansas, where he compiled 4,020 all-purpose yards over three seasons and was twice recognized as a consensus All-American. In Sayers' rookie NFL season, he set a league record by scoring 22 touchdowns—including a record-tying six in one game—and gained 2,272 all-purpose yards en route to being named the NFL's Rookie of the Year. He continued this production through his first five seasons, earning four Pro Bowl appearances and five first-team All-Pro selections. A right knee injury forced Sayers to miss the final five games of the 1968, but he returned in 1969 to lead the NFL in rushing yards and be named the NFL Comeback Player of the Year. An injury to his left knee in the 1970 preseason as well as subsequent injuries kept him sidelined for most of his final two seasons.

His friendship with Bears teammate Brian Piccolo, who died of cancer in 1970, inspired Sayers to write his autobiography, I Am Third, which in turn was the basis for the 1971 made-for-TV movie Brian's Song.

Sayers was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1977 at age 34 and remains the youngest person to have received the honor. He is one of five players in the Super Bowl era to be enshrined in the Hall of Fame without ever playing a postseason game.[2] He was named to the NFL's 75th Anniversary Team as a halfback and kick returner, the only player to occupy two positions on the team. In 2019, he was named to the NFL 100th Anniversary All-Time Team. For his achievements in college, Sayers was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame the same year. His jersey number is retired by both the Bears and the University of Kansas. Following his NFL career, Sayers began a career in sports administration and business and served as the athletic director of Southern Illinois University from 1976 to 1981.

Early life


Gale Eugene Sayers was born to Roger Earl Sayers and Bernice Ross in Wichita, Kansas, and raised in Omaha, Nebraska. His father was a mechanic for Goodyear, farmed, and worked for auto dealerships. Sayers' younger brother, Ron, later played running back for the San Diego Chargers of the American Football League. Roger, his older brother, was a decorated college track and field athlete.[3] Gale graduated from Omaha Central High School, where he starred in football and track and field. A fine all-around track athlete, he set a state long jump record of 24 ft 1012 in (7.58m) as a senior in 1961.[4]

College career


Sayers was recruited by several major Midwestern colleges before deciding to play football at the University of Kansas. While being interviewed during a broadcast of a Chicago Cubs game on September 8, 2010, Sayers said he had originally intended to go to the University of Iowa. Sayers said that he decided against going to Iowa after the Iowa head coach, Jerry Burns, did not have time to meet Sayers during his one campus visit.[5] During his Jayhawks career, he rushed for 2,675 yards and gained a Big Eight Conference-record 4,020 all-purpose yards.[6] He was three times recognized as a first-team All–Big Eight selection and was a consensus pick for the College Football All-America Team in both 1963 and 1964.[7]

As a sophomore in 1962, his first year on the varsity team, Sayers led the Big Eight Conference and was third in the nation with 1,125 rushing yards. His 7.1 yards-per-carry average was the highest of any player in the NCAA that season. Against Oklahoma State, he carried 21 times for a conference single-game-record 283 yards to lead Kansas to a 36–17 comeback victory.[8][9] In 1963, Sayers set an NCAA Division I FBS record with a 99-yard run against Nebraska.[10] He finished the year with 917 rushing yards, again leading all rushers in the Big Eight. He earned first-team All-America recognition from the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA),[11] the Football Writers Association of America (FWAA),[12] the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA),[13] The Sporting News,[14] and United Press International (UPI),[15] among others. In 1964, his senior year, he led the Jayhawks to a 15–14 upset victory over Oklahoma with a 93-yard return of the game's opening kickoff for a touchdown.[16] He finished the year with 633 rushing yards, third most among Big Eight rushers, and also caught 17 passes for 178 yards, returned 15 punts for 138 yards, and returned seven kickoffs for 193 yards.[17] He earned first-team All-America honors from each of the same selectors as in the previous year, in addition to the Associated Press (AP),[18] among others.

Professional career


1965: Rookie season


Sayers was drafted by the Chicago Bears in the first round, fourth overall, in the 1965 NFL draft, and was also picked fifth overall by the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League in the AFL draft. After consulting his wife, he decided he would rather play in Chicago, signing with George Halas's Bears.[6] In his rookie year, he scored an NFL-record 22 touchdowns: 14 rushing, six receiving, and one each on punt and kickoff returns. He gained 2,272 all-purpose yards, a record for an NFL rookie, with 1,371 of them coming from scrimmage. Sayers averaged 5.2 yards per rush and 17.5 yards per reception. His return averages were 14.9 yards per punt return and a league-high 31.4 yards per kickoff return.[19]

Against the Minnesota Vikings on October 17, Sayers carried 13 times for 64 yards and a touchdown; caught four passes for 63 yards and two touchdowns; and had a 98-yard kickoff return touchdown in the 45–37 Bears victory.[20][21] He was the last NFL player to score a rushing, receiving, and kickoff return touchdown in the same game until Tyreek Hill accomplished the feat over 50 years later, in 2016.[22] Bears coach Halas lauded Sayers after the game, saying, "I don't ever remember seeing a rookie back who was as good," and deemed his talents equal to former Bears greats Red Grange and George McAfee. "And remember," said Halas, "we used to call George 'One-Play McAfee'."[23] On December 12, Sayers tied Ernie Nevers' and Dub Jones' record for touchdowns in a single game, scoring six in a 61–20 victory over the San Francisco 49ers that was played in muddy conditions at the Chicago Cubs' Wrigley Field.[24][25] He accounted for 326 yards in the game: 113 rushing, 89 receiving, and 134 on punt returns.[26] Sayers was the consensus choice for NFL Rookie of the Year honors from the AP,[27] UPI,[28] and NEA.[29]

He was quoted as saying at the time:

Just give me 18 inches of daylight. That's all I need.[30]

1966: First rushing title


In his second season, Sayers led the league in rushing with 1,231 yards, averaging 5.4 yards per carry with eight touchdowns, and becoming the first Chicago Bears halfback to win the rushing title since 1949.[31] He also led the Bears in receiving with 34 catches, 447 yards, and two more touchdowns.[32] He surpassed his rookie season's kick return numbers, averaging 31.2 yards per return with two touchdowns. He also supplanted his all-purpose yards total from the previous season, gaining 2,440 to set the NFL record. The first of his kickoff return touchdowns that season came against the Los Angeles Rams, as he followed a wedge of blockers en route to a 93-yard score.[33] Against the Minnesota Vikings in the Bears' final game of the season, and the first of Sayers' pro career with his parents in attendance, he carried 17 times for a franchise-record 197 yards after returning the opening kickoff 90 yards for a touchdown.[34] Sayers was named to All-Pro first-teams by the AP, UPI, the NEA, The Sporting News, and the Pro Football Writers Association, among others.[19] Starring in his second straight Pro Bowl, Sayers carried 11 times for 110 yards and was named the back of the game.[35] The Bears finished the season with a 5–7–2 record, and the Chicago Tribune tabbed Sayers as "the one bright spot in Chicago's pro football year."[36]

1967: Shared workload


In Halas's final season as an NFL coach, Sayers again starred. Sharing more of the rushing duties with other backs, such as Brian Piccolo, Sayers gained 880 yards with a 4.7-yard average per carry. His receptions were down as well. He had three kickoff returns for touchdowns on 16 returns, averaging 37.7 yards per return. Only rarely returning punts—he returned three all season—Sayers still managed to return one for a score against the San Francisco 49ers, a game in which he also returned the opening kickoff 97 yards for a touchdown and scored a rushing touchdown on a rain-soaked field in San Francisco's Kezar Stadium. "It was a bad field, but it didn't stop some people," said 49ers coach Jack Christiansen of Sayers' performance.[37] Christiansen said that after Sayers' kickoff return, he ordered that all punts go out of bounds. But Sayers received the punt and ran 58 yards through the middle of the field for the score. In a November game against the Detroit Lions, a cutback by Sayers caused future hall of fame cornerback Lem Barney to fall over, after which Sayers sprinted for a 63-yard gain.[38] Later in the game he returned a kickoff 97 yards for a touchdown.[39] After the season, Sayers was chosen for his third straight Pro Bowl, in which he returned a kickoff 75 yards and scored a three-yard rushing touchdown and again earned player of the game honors.[40] Chicago finished in second place in the newly organized Central Division with a 7–6–1 record.

1968–1969: Right knee injury and comeback season


Sayers had the most productive rushing yardage game of his career on November 3, 1968, against the Green Bay Packers, during which he carried 24 times for 205 yards.[41] His season ended prematurely the following week against the 49ers' Kermit Alexander, when he tore several ligaments in his right knee including his anterior cruciate ligament, his medial collateral ligament, and his meniscus cartilage. Garry Lyle, the teammate nearest Sayers at the time, said, "I saw his eyes sort of glass over. I heard him holler. I knew he was hurt."[42] Sayers had again been leading the league in rushing yards through the first nine games, and finished the year with 856 yards. After surgery, Sayers went through a physical rehabilitation program with the help of Piccolo, who had replaced him in the starting lineup.[43] Despite missing the Bears' final five games, he earned first-team All-Pro recognition from several media outlets, including the AP,[44] UPI,[45] and NEA.[46]

In the 1969 season, after a slow start and despite diminished speed and acceleration, Sayers led the league in rushing once again with 1,032 yards. He averaged 4.4 yards per carry and was the only player to gain over 1,000 rushing yards that year. He moved into second place on the Bears' all-time rushing yards list, passing Bronko Nagurski. Sayers was recognized as the NFL's Comeback Player of the Year by United Press International.[47] The Bears, long past the Halas glory years, finished in last place with a franchise-worst 1–13 record.[48] In his fourth and final Pro Bowl appearance, Sayers was the West's leading rusher and its leading receiver. For the third time in as many Pro Bowl performances, he was named the "Back of the Game".[49]

1970–1971: Left knee injury and retirement

Gale Sayers, 1971, Bazooka Football Card
Gale Sayers, 1971, Bazooka Football Card

In the 1970 preseason, Sayers suffered a second knee injury, this time bone bruises to his left knee. Attempting to play through the injury in the opening game against the Giants, his production was severely limited.[50] He sat out the next two games and returned in Week 4 against the Vikings, but he was still visibly hampered, most evidently when he was unable to chase down Vikings defensive lineman Alan Page during a 65-yard fumble return.[51] Sayers carried only six times for nine yards before further injuring his knee. He underwent surgery the following week and was deemed out for the remainder of the season.[52] He had carried 23 times for 52 yards to that point. During his off time, Sayers took classes to become a stockbroker and became the first black stockbroker in his company's history.[53] He also entered a Paine Webber program for 45 nationwide stockbroker trainees and placed second highest in sales.[54]

After another knee operation and rehabilitation period, Sayers attempted a comeback in 1971. He was kept out of the first three games after carrying the ball only twice in the preseason, as Bears head coach Jim Dooley planned to slowly work him back into the rotation.[55] His first game back was against the New Orleans Saints on October 10, in which he carried eight times for 30 yards. After the game, he told reporters he was satisfied with his performance and that his knee felt fine.[56] The following week, against the 49ers, he carried five times before injuring his ankle in the first quarter,[57] an injury that ultimately caused him to miss the remainder of the season.[58] He was encouraged to retire but decided to give football one last try. Sayers' final game was in the 1972 preseason in which he fumbled twice in three carries; he retired from professional football days later at age 29.[59]

Career statistics

Year Team Games Rushing Receiving Passing Returning Total TD
GP GS Att Yds Avg Lng TD Rec Yds Avg Lng TD Cmp Att Yds TD Int KR KR Yds KR TD PR PR Yds PR TD
1965 CHI 14 12 166 867 5.2 61 14 29 507 17.5 80 6 2 3 53 1 1 21 660 1 16 238 1 23
1966 CHI 14 13 229 1,231 5.4 58 8 34 447 13.1 80 2 2 6 58 0 1 23 718 2 6 44 0 12
1967 CHI 13 13 186 880 4.7 70 7 16 126 7.9 32 1 0 5 0 0 0 16 603 3 3 80 1 12
1968 CHI 9 9 138 856 6.2 63 2 15 117 7.8 21 0 0 2 0 0 0 17 461 0 2 29 0 2
1969 CHI 14 14 236 1,032 4.4 28 8 17 116 6.8 25 0 0 2 0 0 0 14 339 0 0 0 0 8
1970 CHI 2 2 23 52 2.3 15 0 1 -6 -6.0 -6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1971 CHI 2 2 13 38 2.9 9 0 0 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Career 68 65 991 4,956 5.0 70 39 112 1,307 11.7 80 9 4 18 111 1 2 91 2,781 6 27 391 2 57

Playing style

Sayers in 2008

Sayers' ability as a runner in the open field was considered unmatched, both during his playing career and since his retirement.[54][60] He possessed raw speed and was also highly elusive and had terrific vision, a combination which made him very difficult to tackle.[61] Actor Billy Dee Williams, who portrayed Sayers in the 1971 film Brian's Song, likened his running to "ballet" and "poetry".[62][63] Mike Ditka, a teammate of Sayers' for two seasons, called him "the greatest player I've ever seen. That's right—the greatest."[54] Another former teammate, linebacker Dick Butkus, famous for his tackling ability, said of Sayers:

He had this ability to go full speed, cut and then go full speed again right away. I saw it every day in practice. We played live, and you could never get a clean shot on Gale. Never.[38]

On his tendency to escape from tight situations, Sayers once proclaimed, "Just give me 18 inches of daylight. That's all I need."[30] He felt if his blockers created 18 inches of space for him to run through, he could break a run into the open field. This quick acceleration became a hallmark of his running style, although some of it was lost following the injury to his right knee. After the injury, he relied more on tough running and engaging tacklers for extra yards.[64]

Despite the production from Sayers, the Bears as a whole struggled to find success; in games that Sayers played, the team compiled a record of 29 wins, 36 losses, and 3 ties, and failed to reach the postseason. Because of this, Sayers' main focus each postseason was on the Pro Bowl, where he excelled.[65][66][67] Showcasing his breakaway talents, throughout his Pro Bowl career he achieved runs of 74, 52, 51, 48, and 42 yards.[67] In the Pro Bowl following his rookie season, he had kickoff returns of 51 and 48 yards, despite limited opportunities due to the East's attempts to punt and kick away from him.[68] In the next season's game, his 10 yards-per-carry average set a Pro Bowl record.[67] He was named the "Back of the Game", an honor he received again in 1968 and 1969, joining Johnny Unitas as the only players to win three Pro Bowl MVP awards. "The Pro Bowl is the time to prove how good you are, playing against the best of your peers," recalled Sayers. "I took it as a challenge. I came into the game in shape, came to play."[65]

Brian Piccolo


In 1967, Sayers and Bears teammate Brian Piccolo became roommates in the NFL.[69] Sayers' ensuing friendship with Piccolo and Piccolo's struggle with cancer (embryonal cell carcinoma, which was diagnosed after it metastasized to a large tumor in his chest cavity) became the subject of the made-for-TV movie Brian's Song. The movie, in which Sayers was portrayed by Billy Dee Williams in the 1971 original and by Mekhi Phifer in the 2001 remake, was adapted from Sayers' account of this story in his 1970 autobiography, I Am Third.[70] Sayers and Piccolo were devoted friends and deeply respectful of and affectionate with each other. Piccolo helped Sayers through rehabilitation after injury, and Sayers was by Piccolo's side throughout his illness until his death in June 1970.[71]

Later life


Sports administration and business career

Sayers giving a speech at the 1986 Contract Management Meeting

Sayers worked in the athletic department at his alma mater, the University of Kansas, for three and half years, before he was named the athletic director at Southern Illinois University Carbondale in 1976.[72] He resigned from his position at Southern Illinois in 1981.[73] From 1985-86, Sayers worked as the athletic director at Tennessee State University in Nashville, TN.[74]

In 1984, Sayers founded Crest Computer Supply Company in the Chicago area. Under Sayers' leadership, this company experienced consistent growth and was renamed Sayers 40, Inc.[75] He was chairman of Sayers 40, Inc., the aforementioned technology consulting and implementation firm serving Fortune 1000 companies nationally with offices in Vernon Hills, Illinois, Walpole, Massachusetts, Clearwater, Florida, and Atlanta. Sayers, along with his wife Ardythe, were also active philanthropists in Chicago. He supported the Cradle Foundation—an adoption organization in Evanston, Illinois, and founded the Gale Sayers Center in the Austin neighborhood of Chicago. The Gale Sayers Center is an after-school program for children ages 8–12 from Chicago's west side and focuses on leadership development, tutoring, and mentoring.[38] In 2009, Sayers joined the University of Kansas Athletic Department staff as Director of Fundraising for Special Projects.[76]

Concussion lawsuits


In September 2013, Sayers reportedly sued the NFL, claiming the league negligently handled his repeated head injuries during his career. The lawsuit claimed Sayers suffered headaches and short-term memory loss since retirement. It stated he was sometimes sent back into games after suffering concussions, and that the league did not do enough to protect him.[77] The case was withdrawn after Sayers initially claimed it was done so because the case was filed without his permission, but was actually withdrawn due to other litigation that Sayers was involved in at the time. Sayers filed a new lawsuit in January 2014 along with six other former players.[78] The lawsuit was finally settled in late October, 2017. Sayers was represented by James Acho.[79]

Legacy and honors




Sayers' record of 22 touchdowns in a season was broken by O. J. Simpson in 1975, who scored 23;[80] his 22 touchdowns remains a rookie record as of 2021.[81]: 545  Sayers was the last player to score at least six touchdowns in a game until 2020, when Alvin Kamara scored six against the Minnesota Vikings. His career kickoff return average of 30.56 yards is an NFL record for players with at least 75 attempts,[81]: 560 [82] and he is one of several players to have scored two return touchdowns in a game.[81]: 561  He is tied with four other players for the second most career kickoff return touchdowns, with six.[81]: 560  Sayers' rookie record of 2,272 all-purpose yards was broken in 1988 by Tim Brown, who gained 2,317 yards through 16 games, which was two more games than Sayers set the record in.[83] His single-season all-purpose yards record of 2,440 set in 1966 was broken in 1974 by Mack Herron, who surpassed it by four yards.[84]

Post-career recognition

Sayers signing autographs in 2005

Sayers was elected to the Lincoln Journal's Nebraska Sports Hall of Fame in 1973, the first black athlete to be so honored.[85] He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1977. His number 48 jersey is one of three retired by the Kansas Jayhawks football team.[86]

Later in 1977, Sayers was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame and is still the youngest inductee in its history.[54] On October 31, 1994, at halftime of a Monday night game, the Bears retired his number 40 at Soldier Field, along with number 51, which had been worn by teammate, linebacker Dick Butkus.[87] The Pro Football Hall of Fame selection committee named Sayers to its NFL 1960s All-Decade Team, which is composed of the best players of the 1960s at each position.[88] In 1994, Sayers was selected for the NFL 75th Anniversary All-Time Team as both a halfback and a kickoff returner; he was the only player selected for multiple positions.[89] In 2019, he was one of twelve running backs selected to the NFL 100th Anniversary All-Time Team. In 1999, he was ranked 22nd on The Sporting News's list of the 100 Greatest Football Players.[90]

Illness and death


In March 2017, Sayers' wife, Ardythe, revealed that he had been diagnosed with dementia four years prior. She stated that a Mayo Clinic doctor confirmed it was likely caused by his football career. "It wasn't so much getting hit in the head," she said. "It's just the shaking of the brain when they took him down with the force they play the game in."[91] While he remained physically healthy, the disease had an adverse effect on his mental health and memory in particular, making simple tasks such as signing his own name difficult.[92] After suffering from dementia for several years,[93] Sayers died on September 23, 2020, at the age of 77.[94]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Tied with Ernie Nevers and Alvin Kamara[1]
  1. ^ 2019 NFL Record and Fact Book (PDF). New York: National Football League. 2019.
  2. ^ "How many Pro Football Hall of Famers never made the playoffs?". March 17, 2018.
  3. ^ "Roger Sayers – No. 36 – Nebraska's 100 Greatest Athletes". Omaha World-Herald. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  4. ^ Riddinston, Al (May 21, 1961). "Omaha Central cops state plum, Weekes wins mile". Beatrice Daily Sun. p. 10. Retrieved March 3, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Gale Sayers—Pro Football's Rambling Rookie". Ebony. Johnson Publishing Co., Inc. January 1966. p. 75. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Marshall, Tom (December 2, 1964). "Chicago Lands Sayers". The Kansas City Times. p. 52. Retrieved February 15, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Gale Sayers College Stats". Sports Reference. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  8. ^ "Hall of Fame inductee detail – Gale Sayers". footballfoundation.org. National Football Foundation. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  9. ^ "Sayers Is Top Big 8 Rusher". The Ottawa Herald. Associated Press. October 30, 1962. p. 2. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  10. ^ Curt, Mosher (November 10, 1963). "Huskers Pass Another Test, 23–9". The Lincoln Star. p. 43. Retrieved February 14, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. The lead reduced to a scant 10–9 by a record-breaking 99-yard run by Kansas' Gale Sayers ...
  11. ^ "Coaches Association Says Jay Wilkinson All-American". Star News. November 26, 1963. p. 11. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  12. ^ Gangi, Ted. "FWAA All-America" (PDF). sportswriters.net. Football Writers Association of America. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  13. ^ "Staubach Leads Youthful NEA All-Americans". Evening Independent. December 2, 1963. p. 14A. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  14. ^ ESPN College Football Encyclopedia. ESPN Books. 2005. p. 1,269. ISBN 1401337031.
  15. ^ Petersen, Leo H. (December 5, 1963). "Gale Sayers Of Kansas Is Named As A Back On UPI All-American". Great Bend Tribune. United Press International. p. 15. Retrieved February 15, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ Van Valkenburg, Jim (October 19, 1964). "Mad, Merry Chase Shapes Up For Big Eight Title". The Ottawa Herald. Associated Press. p. 4. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  17. ^ "Garrison wins Big Eight Conference rushing crown over Sooners' Grisham". Ames Daily Tribune. December 9, 1964. p. 10. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  18. ^ Smits, Ted (December 5, 1964). "USC's Fisk on AP All-America: Trojan Guard Selected on First String; Huarte, Anderson, Timberlake, Sayers On No. 1 Backfield". The San Bernardino County Sun. Associated Press. p. 28. Retrieved February 15, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  19. ^ a b "Gale Sayers Stats". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  20. ^ "Chicago Bears at Minnesota Vikings – October 17th, 1965". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  21. ^ Strickler, George (October 18, 1965). "Vikings Fall to Heroics of Rookie, 45–37". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, section 3. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  22. ^ Smiley, Brett (November 28, 2016). "Chiefs WR Tyreek Hill turned an NFL hat trick last accomplished by Gale Sayers in 1965". Fox News. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  23. ^ Markus, Robert (October 18, 1965). "Halas Rates Kansas Star with Greats". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, section 3. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
  24. ^ "This Day in History: NFL rookie Gale Sayers ties single-game TD record". History.com. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  25. ^ Mayer, Larry (May 30, 2013). "Hall of Famer Gale Sayers celebrates 70th birthday". Chicago Bears. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  26. ^ "Sayers Annihilates 49ers With Six Touchdowns". The San Bernardino County Sun. Associated Press. December 13, 1965. p. 10. Retrieved June 22, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  27. ^ Hand, Jack (December 22, 1965). "Chicago's Gale Sayers Named Rookie of Year; Polls All But 7 Votes". The Post-Crescent. Associated Press. p. 10. Archived from the original on February 17, 2017. Retrieved February 17, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  28. ^ "Bears' Gale Sayers Rookie Of The Year". The Brownsville Herald. United Press International. December 22, 1965. p. 13. Retrieved February 17, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  29. ^ Olderman, Murray (December 19, 1965). "Gale Sayers Wins Award". The Herald-Journal. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 5. Retrieved March 21, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  30. ^ a b Silverman, Steve (2014). Who's Better, Who's Best in Football?: Setting the Record Straight on the Top 65 NFL Players of the Past 65 Years. Skyhorse Publishing. p. 82. ISBN 978-1613217535. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  31. ^ In every season from 1950 to 1965, the annual rushing yards leader was a fullback.
  32. ^ "1966 Chicago Bears Statistics & Players". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  33. ^ Chicago Tribune 2015, p. 129.
  34. ^ "Mom, Pop See Gale Run Wild". Abilene Reporter-News. Associated Press. December 19, 1966. p. 19. Retrieved February 17, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  35. ^ "Only 15,062 See East Defeat West, 20–10". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. January 23, 1967. pp. 26, 28. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  36. ^ "Season's Bright Spot". Chicago Tribune. December 25, 1966. p. 4, section 2. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
  37. ^ "Wow! Sayers Is Too Much". Daily Independent Journal. Associated Press. December 4, 1967. p. 28. Retrieved February 19, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  38. ^ a b c Layden 2010, p. 2.
  39. ^ "Sayers, Bear Defenders Maul Lions, 27–13". The News-Palladium. Associated Press. November 6, 1967. p. 14. Retrieved February 26, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  40. ^ Larson, Al (January 22, 1968). "West Rally Takes Breath from East, 38–20; Ask Fran". Independent. p. 19. Retrieved February 19, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  41. ^ "Chicago Bears at Green Bay Packers - November 3rd, 1968". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  42. ^ Markus, Robert (November 11, 1968). "Anxiety with Gale in Darkest Moment". Chicago Tribune. p. 2. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  43. ^ Bock, Hal (November 16, 1968). "Bears' Piccolo Gets Sayers Spot at Running Back". The Daily Journal. p. 8. Retrieved February 19, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  44. ^ "12 NFL All-Stars In Action This Weekend". Anderson Herald. Associated Press. December 19, 1968. Retrieved February 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  45. ^ Stellino, Vito (December 19, 1968). "Kelly Emerges From Brown's Shadow To Top NFL All-Star Choices". Anderson Herald. United Press International. p. 25. Retrieved February 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  46. ^ Olderman, Murray (December 27, 1968). "Bob Brown Picked on All-Player, All-Pro; Morrall, Sayers, Kelly in Backfield". Delaware County Daily Times. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 16. Retrieved February 20, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  47. ^ Stellino, Vito (December 24, 1969). "Gale Sayers Named NFL Comeback Player Of Year". The Raleigh Register. United Press International. p. 7. Retrieved February 14, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  48. ^ "Lions Brand Bears With Their Worst Record". The News-Palladium. Associated Press. December 22, 1969. p. 21. Retrieved February 14, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
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